How the Bitcoin Transaction Process Works

Winston Todd
Winston Todd

Hi, friend! My name is Winston Todd and I like to have a nice time. I bet, that’s everyone’s motif.

As long as I remember myself, I’ve been passionate about games. It’s emotions, it’s a thrilling experience and also making money experience if proper strategy.

I know it’s hard to find a safe casino with quality games. You never know if a new casino would pay out fairly. Or, are their games rigged or not. The job of finding a good honest brand is a time-consuming task.

So, I’ve created that website to help people in searching for quality platforms for gaming. I’ve tried a lot of casino sites made for British and foreign players.

On the blockchain, a transaction is the transfer of Bitcoin ownership. Each participant in the transfer has a set of public and private keys that are used to manage their Bitcoin holdings.

In order to receive money, a user needs to share a public key, which is a combination of letters and numbers.

An address is a concise and secure representation of the public key. Public key and address are frequently used synonymously.

Private key – must be kept secret because it authorizes the expenditure of funds obtained with the corresponding public key. Using the private key associated with Bitcoin, the user can sign transactions and thereby transfer value to the new owner. The transaction is then transmitted to the network for inclusion in the blockchain.

Here’s how it happens:

  • To send, the user signs a message detailing the transaction using their private key. The message contains the input (the address that contains Bitcoin to send), the output (the recipient’s public key, the address), and the amount.
  • The transaction is then transmitted to the rest of the network, where the nodes verify that the private key matches the public key held by the sender.
  • Once the transaction is transmitted to the “neighboring” nodes, they pass it on through the network until it reaches the miner node.
  • The miners and nodes then do their part to process the transaction.

Most consider a transaction confirmed if 6 more blocks have been added on top of the block it is in. However, for smaller transactions, one confirmation is enough for many, as it costs hundreds of thousands of dollars to undo a transaction. You can see the cost of attacking the network on this site.

How Do Fees Work?

bitcoin fees

A fee is basically a transaction fee. It was introduced intentionally to prevent spam transactions from slowing down or clogging up the network. Users can control how quickly their transactions are processed by setting the commission rate. 

The higher the commission rate, the faster the transaction will be processed. However, exchange commissions for buying and selling Bitcoin are set by the exchanges themselves, based on the size of the commissions on the network itself.

As a reward, miners receive not only Bitcoin but also a commission for confirming transactions on the block. In the future, when miners no longer receive rewards for blocks, transaction fees will become the only income, and thus an incentive to keep processing transactions and blocks. During times of high network congestion, the transactions with the highest commissions will be included in the next block.

The amount of commission depends on the amount of free space in the block, not on the number of Bitcoin being transferred. If you send a transaction using a non-custodial Bitcoin wallet, the wallet usually displays an option to select the commission rate. The rate is measured in satoshi per byte (8 bits), which is satoshi for the amount of data your transaction will consume in a block. 


An important part of Bitcoin’s structure is UTXO. This is the output of unspent transactions. Basically, it is the amount or remaining cryptocurrency change you get from each transaction.

send and receive bitcoin

You will conduct a transaction that will use up your entire UTXO balance by sending 2 coins to another person and 8 coins back to yourself if UTXO detects that you have 10 coins and wish to purchase anything that costs 2 coins. Both the sender and the recipient will receive UTXOs after this transaction is finished. In general, UTXO determines how much the user received back and how much the user can spend. The amount the user receives back will be added to his account balance.

Let’s imagine that John wants to send 1 BTC to David. He has 2 UTXOs worth 0.5 BTC and 0.7 BTC. John can use both UTXOs as inputs and send David an output worth 1 BTC. John sends David 1 BTC and sends himself a withdrawal of change. To get the remaining value as change, John creates another output worth 0.199 BTC, which he sends to himself. He cannot send 0.2 BTC to himself because he has to pay a transaction fee.

This approach has a number of advantages.

  • All Bitcoin nodes may agree on which Bitcoin can be spent at any one time thanks to the UTXO concept.
  • Because a node may check whether UTXOs spent are genuine and unspent when it gets a transaction, it also aids in resolving the issue of double spending.

The UTXO model offers users the benefits of privacy. Users can process each UTXO separately, storing them at a unique address. By using a unique address to receive each UTXO, users can hide the communication between their UTXOs from the public. The previous UTXO address can be computed, from the TXID identifier and the transaction output index within that previous transaction.

How Can Bitcoin Scale?

The bandwidth of Bitcoin’s core layer is not enough to allow it to become a global payment system. The main constraint is the limit on block size, and most scaling efforts are focused on reducing the amount of data required to transmit Bitcoin transactions. SegWit and Taproot updates provide more efficient transactions that in many cases take up less Bitcoin block space.

In general, it is believed that Bitcoin scaling can be achieved in two ways

  • Blockchain can be upgraded to provide more bandwidth.
  • Additional networks, called layers, can be created to allow Bitcoin to be transmitted without directly using the blockchain.

A Layer is a protocol built on top of the underlying network that extends some of the functionality of the underlying blockchain. Such a layer (or layer) processes the bulk of the transactions off-chain and then transmits the completed transactions in a cluster (bundle). This additional functionality saves on fees and enables faster settlements. By applying layers, it is possible to support billions of daily transactions, from tiny micropayments to international settlements.

On-chain and Off-chain Transactions

Onchain transactions (or transactions on the chain) are all Bitcoin transactions recorded on the blockchain. To perform an on-chain transaction, you need to own the Bitcoin on the main layer. 

worldwide bitcoin transactions

The Bitcoin you receive will be locked to an address, and using the private key corresponding to that address, you can sign the transaction sending that Bitcoin to the new address. By making on-chain transactions, you take full advantage of the Bitcoin network, but there are drawbacks in the form of increased fees and low transaction confirmation rates compared to most altcoins.

There are also off-chain transactions – off-network transactions. They came along with autonomous protocols that offer cheaper and faster transactions compared to in-network transactions.

Why Is It Important to Know about Bitcoin Transactions to Play at Crypto Casinos?

Understanding Bitcoin transactions is essential for playing at crypto casinos, as it allows you to maintain security and privacy, optimize speed and efficiency, minimize transaction fees, and ensure regulatory compliance. Additionally, it enables you to stay current with the rapidly altering cryptocurrency landscape and make informed decisions about wallet management. Other reasons are:

  1. Security and Privacy: Understanding how Bitcoin transactions work allows you to maintain better control over your personal information and financial security. Compared to conventional payment methods, bitcoin offers a higher level of secrecy, and understanding transactions can help you protect your valuables.
  2. Speed and Efficiency: Bitcoin transactions generally process faster than traditional payment methods, ensuring you can quickly deposit and withdraw funds. Knowing the transaction process enables you to take full advantage of this feature and avoid potential delays.
  3. Transaction Fees: The cost of a Bitcoin transaction might vary depending on the size and network load of the transaction. You may reduce expenses and get the most out of your casino experience by understanding how fees are determined.
  4. Confirmations: Crypto casinos usually require a certain number of confirmations before funds become available for play. Knowing how confirmations work allows you to estimate when your deposit will be credited to your account and avoid any confusion.
  5. Responsibility: As a decentralized currency, Bitcoin transactions are irreversible. Being well-versed in Bitcoin transactions ensures you can accurately enter addresses and amounts, reducing the risk of costly mistakes.
  6. Wallet Management: To play at crypto casinos, you’ll need a Bitcoin wallet to manage your funds. Understanding transactions helps you choose a suitable wallet and maintain proper wallet hygiene.
  7. Regulatory Compliance: Specific regulatory regulations, such as know-your-customer (KYC) and anti-money laundering (AML) guidelines, may apply to crypto casinos. You can abide by these rules and prevent account closure or legal ramifications by being knowledgeable about Bitcoin transactions.
  8. Staying Updated: The world of cryptocurrency is constantly evolving, and staying knowledgeable about Bitcoin transactions ensures you can adapt to changes and continue enjoying your gaming experience.
Was this page useful? Rate from 1 to 5 stars.
Your rating:
Rate Now!